翻譯社之翻譯實踐

指翻譯過程中了使譯文符合目標語的表述方式、方法和習慣而對原句中的詞類、句型和語態等進行轉換。具體的說,就是在詞性方面,把名詞轉換代詞、形容詞、動詞;把動詞轉換成名詞、形容詞、副詞、介詞;把形容詞轉換成副詞和短語。在句子成分方面,把主語變成狀語、定語、賓語、表語;把謂語變成主語、定語、表語;把定語變成狀語、主語;把賓語變成主語。在句型方面,把並列句變成複合句,把複合句變成並列句,把狀語從句變成定語從句。在語態方面,可以把主動語態變被動語態。如:

  1. 我們學院受教委和市政府的雙重領導。
    Our institute is co-administrated by the States Education Commission and the municipal government. (名詞轉動詞)
  2. Too much exposure to TV programs will do great harm to the eyesight of children.
    孩子們看電視過多會大大地損壞視力。(名詞轉動詞)
  3. 由於我們實行了改革開放政策,我國的綜合國力有了明顯的增強。
    Thanks to the introduction of our reform and opening policy, our comprehensive national strength has greatly improved. (動詞轉名詞)
  4. I’m all for you opinion.
    我完全贊成妳的意見。(介詞轉動詞)
  5. The reform and opening policy is supported by the whole Chinese people.
    改革開放政策受到了全中國人民的擁護。(動詞轉名詞)
  6. (6)In his article the author is critical of man’s negligence toward his environment.
    作者在文章中,對人類疏忽自身環境作了批評。(形容詞轉名詞)
  7. In some of the European countries, the people are given the biggest social benefits such as medical insurance.
    在有些歐洲國家堙A人民享受最廣泛的社會福利,如醫療保險等。(被動語態轉主動語態)
  8. 時間不早了,我們回去吧!
    We don’t have much time left. Let’s go back. (句型轉換)
  9. 學生們都應該德、智、體全面發展。
    All the students should develop morally, intellectually and physically. (名詞轉副詞)